Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies

Sponsored by The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation & The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

johns hopkins center for civilian biodefense studies

johns hopkins university center for civilian biodefense studies

Information for Clinicians on AnthraxJAMA Consensus Statements

Anthrax · Botulinum Toxin · Plague · Smallpox · Tularemia

Concise Diagnostic Criteria and Treatment Guidelines for Anthrax, Botulism, Smallpox and Plague: Hopkins Antibiotic Guide Site

* Site usage is free and requires filling out a brief registration

** When at site, search by Diagnosis: Biodefense click here

How to Handle Anthrax Threat Letters

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Agent Background Information

Anthrax · Botulinum Toxin · Plague · Smallpox · Tularemia

BT Preparedness and Response Post-Sept. 11:

Interim Actions for the Medical and Public Health Community click here

FAQ: Information for the General Public

Hearing on the Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases

Dr. D. A. Henderson’s Sep. 5, 2001 Congressional Testimony click here

Hearing on FEMA’s Role in Managing Bioterrorist Attacks and the Impact of Public Health Concerns…
Dr. Tara O’Toole’s July 23, 2001 Congressional Testimony click here

For a complete list of previously published topics  click here

Hopkins Center Employment Opportunities

Visit the Bloomberg School of Public Health Site

The Center’s Approach

Raise Consciousness

Increase national and international awareness of the medical and public health threats posed by biological weapons, thereby augmenting the potential legal, political and moral prohibitions against their use.

Build a Knowledge Base

Develop a broader appreciation of the scope of the threat posed by the major biological agents and possible medical and public health responses to them through analysis of expected clinical manifestations, available treatment strategies, epidemiology, and potential methods of prophylaxis. Disseminate this knowledge throughout the medical and public health communities.

Catalyze Development of Effective and Practical Systems to Respond to Epidemics

Foster the planning and preparation for response to possible bioterrorist attacks, and by so doing, lessen their potential effectiveness and attractiveness as instruments of terror. Engage the medical and public health communities in comprehensive planning for the epidemiological characterization of the epidemic, for the care and treatment of casualties, for communication of information to the public and for the pursuit of unmet research and preparedness needs.

Threat of Bioterrorism

Recent events indicate that neither technical factors, such as arms control treaties, nor the moral repugnance long associated with the use of biological weapons will deter the use of these agents as weapons of mass destruction.

Iraq acknowledges having mounted an ambitious and sophisticated bioweapons program. Its physical assets and complement of scientific personnel remain intact.

The Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinrikyo made at least nine attempts to aerosolize anthrax and botulism throughout central Tokyo and sought to obtain Ebola virus for use as a bioweapon.

Russian defectors have documented the existence of an extensive Soviet bioweapons research, development and production program. Its existence has been confirmed by President Yeltsin. The same conditions that fuel concerns about “loose nukes” from former Soviet facilities making their way onto the black market also beset major bioweapons plants. Such conditions include neglected security systems, unpaid and unemployed technical personnel with access to and knowledge of weapons of mass destruction.

Congressional Testimonies

Hearing on the Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases
Testimony of Donald A. Henderson, MD, MPH
September 5, 2001

Hearing on FEMA’s Role in Managing Bioterrorist Attacks and the Impact of Public Health Concerns on Bioterrorism Preparedness
Testimony of Tara O’Toole, MD, MPH
July 23, 2001

Hearing on Terrorism Preparedness: Medical First Response
Testimony of Tara O’Toole, MD, MPH
September 22, 1999

Book Reviews

ANTHRAX: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak
by Jeanne Guillemin
University of California Press, 1999

The Textbook of Military Medicine. Part 1- Warfare, Weaponry, and the Casualty: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare
by Frederick R. Sidell, et al, eds
Office of The Surgeon General, 1997

Fire in the East: The Rise of Asian Military Power and the Second Nuclear Age
by Paul Bracken
Harper Collins, 1999

America’s Achilles’ Heel
by Richard Falkenrath, Robert Newman, and Bradley Thayer
MIT Press, 1998

Biohazard
by Ken Alibek
Random House, 1999